By Michael J. Lesser, Environmental Section, NYSBA © 2013
GENERAL STATE ENFORCEMENT NEWS
Commissioner Proposes Environmental Audit Initiatives Policy
February finds the NYSDEC seeking public comment for the first new major enforcement initiative in several years. The proposed Commissioner Policy ("CP") encourages regulated entities to perform facility audits to achieve more compliance with the Environmental Conservation Law ("ECL"). At its core, the proposed CP is a revised version of an older NYSDEC amnesty policy which reduces or waives penalties for violations that are discovered and disclosed voluntarily subject to certain exceptions and conditions. What really differentiates this proposed CP from previous policies is the potential involvement of other state agencies and public authorities in the pollution prevention process. This includes audit assistance and reimbursement of some compliance costs. This proposed policy supersedes and repeals Commissioner Policy 19, entitled "Small Business Self-Disclosure Policy." The 60 day public comment period extends through Monday, April 22, 2013. Written comments can be directed to:
Office of General Counsel
Albany, NY 12233-1500
or via to the Office of General Counsel at email@example.com
Attorney General Schneiderman Continues Air Enforcement Action
New York joined seven states, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and several environmental groups in reaching an agreement that will require American Electric Power (AEP), the nation's largest power company to make further cuts in air pollution emissions at 16 of the company's coal-fired power plants. The agreement updates a previous settlement, and requires AEP to pursue greater and faster reductions in sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions. The settlement also increases the funding AEP will pay New York by an additional $715,000 to fund environmental and public health projects.
NYSDEC ADMINISTRATIVE ENFORCEMENT
In the Matter of Trinity Transportation Corporation
NYSDEC enforcement hearing regulations found at 6 NYCRR Part 622.12, allow the department's staff to commence an enforcement action using a motion for order without hearing. These are commenced by the submission of supporting affidavits reciting all the material facts and other available documentary evidence. The legal standards necessary to sustain the motion are those used for a CPLR summary judgment. In this case, Ruling, February 12, 2013, DEC File No. R1-20111206-200, the Administrative Law Judge ("ALJ") found that there were no material issues of fact regarding the underlying ECL violations (the improper disposal of a number of waste drums). However, the ALJ did find that there were substantial questions of fact regarding the civil penalty amount requested by DEC Staff due to disputes as to the number and condition of the drums.
The true value of this case to the practitioner is that the ALJ provides a clear and concise summary of the administrative hearing precedents for these motions as well as the rulings on Respondent's defenses including a rejection of selective prosecution.
STATE CRIMINAL ENFORCEMENT
Dye Test Leads to Guilty Plea for Sewage Discharge into Catskill Creek
Following a NYSDEC investigation and dye test, a defendant pleaded guilty on January 10, 2013, in the Town of Catskill Justice Court to discharging sewage to the waters of the state without a valid permit. He was fined $15,000, in the disposition of a misdemeanor charge. The defendant was charged with one count of discharging sewage to Catskill Creek for pumping raw sewage from the septic tank at his rental property into a nearby drain which then flowed into the municipal storm water system and then eventually to the creek. While not specified in the news item, unpermitted sewage discharges may invoke ECL Section 17-0803 as enforced by the criminal provisions of ECL Section 71-1933.
FEDERAL CRIMINAL ENFORCEMENT (NY)
The rundown of February's USEPA and US DOJ enforcement summaries
read more like the synopsis of a Carl Hiaasen novel than a
criminal docket given the focus on rare and endangered species. If you are
unfamiliar with Hiassen's fiction, his villains are often sordid environmental
despoilers that ultimately learn the literal meaning of the term
"environmental justice" in a spectacularly lethal way.
Antiques Dealer Sentenced to Six Months for Illegal Trafficking of Endangered Rhinoceros Horns (SDNY)
On February 14th, an antiques dealer in Manhattan was sentenced in Manhattan federal court to six months in jail for obstruction of justice and creating false records in connection with illegal rhinoceros horn trafficking.
Rhino Smuggling Ring Broken Up (SDNY and other federal courts)
Three people were charged with wildlife smuggling and related charges for their alleged roles in an international rhino horn smuggling ring. The arrests and charges were part of "Operation Crash", a nationwide effort led by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS) and the Justice Department to investigate and prosecute those involved in the black market trade of endangered rhinoceros horns.
Executive Sentenced to Pay $1.1 Million in Fines and Community Service
for Illegal Trade of Protected Black Coral (US Virgin Islands)
The former executive of a U.S. Virgin Islands-based company was sentenced in federal court in St. Thomas, U.S.V.I., for felony customs violations for the illegal import of protected black coral. Previously, his co-defendants had been penalized millions of dollars in additional financial penalties. Two of them were also sentenced to prison.
The NY Environmental Section Enforcement Update is a service presented by the Environmental Section of NYSBA which is based on a general survey of approximately twenty-five public government and media websites which report on news relevant to New York's environmental issues. It is by no means comprehensive and is presented for educational purposes only. Neither the author nor NYSBA makes any guarantees as to the accuracy of the sources cited. Please contact the Blog Administrator at firstname.lastname@example.org with any additional information or corrections or leave a comment.
Michael J. Lesser is currently Of Counsel to Sive, Paget & Riesel, P.C. in New York and was a former NYSDEC enforcement attorney in the Office of General Counsel.